Why Russia wanted to ban full-scale-anti-satellite weapon tests for UPSC CSE/IAS prelims and mains

Contributed by
Username akashaky
on 13/08/2019

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The Present Context

Russia and their space agency Roscosmos is planning to ban full-scale-anti-satellite weapon tests.

About full-scale-anti-satellite weapon tests.

  • In this test, a satellite present in the lower earth orbit is destroyed by the missile.
  • Recently, India has successfully completed this mission. The name of India's Misson was: Mission Shakti
  • Only the USA, Russia, China, and India have demonstrated this capability successfully.

The argument of Russia for its initiative.

  • The fragments of the destroyed satellite may destroy the International space station.
  • Debris of satellite moves very fast and may destroy some other important satellite.

About the International space station.

  • It was launched on 20 November 1998.
  • ​​​​​​​This space station is built by a joint project of NASA(united states), JAXA(Japan), ESA(Europe), and CSA(Canada).
  • The worth of this station is $100 billion.

Why Russia has taken this step?

After Mission Shakti, countries like Japan, Pakistan are also focusing on the same. But this type of missions leads to an increase in the debris of satellites which has a lot of disadvantages.

Note: This treaty also gives an advantage to India as we are one of the countries which have successfully completed this test.


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