"The story of article 370" a detailed analysis for UPSC CSE exam
Category:
GS paper 2

Contributed by
Username akashaky
on 05/08/2019

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HOW THE PROBLEM OF KASHMIR WAS ORIGINATED.

  • PARTITION PLAN WAS ANNOUNCED IN JUNE 1947.
  • BRITISH INDIA CONTAINS 547 PRINCELY STATE, THEY ARE FREE TO JOIN INDIA OR PAKISTAN.
  • SOME OF THEM JOIN INDIA SOME OF THEM JOINS PAKISTAN EXCEPT PRINCELY STATE OF J&K.
  • MAHARAJA HARI SINGH SIGNES AN STANDSTILL AGREEMENT WITH BOTH INDIA AND PAK.
  • BUT AT THAT TIME INDIAN INDEPENDENCE ACT WAS PASSES AND ALL THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN PRINCELY STATE AND BRITISH INDIA LAPSED.
  • AT AUGUST 1947 LIKE INDIA AND PAK J&K ALSO BECAME AN INDEPENDENT STATE.
  • SOME GROUP OF PEOPLE IN J&K LEAD BY SHEIKH M.ABDULLAH WANTED TO THROW OUT THE MONARCHY AND ESTABLISH DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT.
  • SHEIKH M.ABDULLAH WAS IN FAVOUR IN J&K BECOMING A PART OF INDIA.

PAKISTAN EYES ON J&K AND HOW J&K BECAME PART OF INDIA.

  • PAKISTAN DID NOT LIKE THAT J&K IS BECOMING PART OF INDIA
  • PAKISTAN ATTACKS J&K AND WANTED TO CAPTURE J&K THROUGH USE OF FORCE
  • HARI SINGH SOUGHT INDIA FOR HELP BUT GOVERNOR GENERAL OF INDIA LORD MT. BATTEN MAKE IT VERY CLEAR THAT WE WILL HELP YOU IF YOU EXCEED TO UNION OF INDIA
  • AFTER MUCH THOUGHT HE WAS AGREED TO SIGN IoA(INSTRUMENT OF ACCESSION) WITH INDIAN UNION, SIGNED ON 26TH OCTOBER 1947
  • WITH IoA J&K BECAME PART OF INDIAN UNION.
  • OTHER STATE ALSO SIGN MERGER AGREEMENT WITH INDIA (THEY LOSES ALL ITS INDIVIDUAL IDENTITY). BUT J&K DID NOT SIGN THIS.
  • ONLY THREE POWERS WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE PARLIAMENT OF INDIA, DEFENCEEXTERNAL AFFAIR AND COMMUNICATION.

WAR BETWEEN INDIA AND PAK

  • ON 27TH OCT. FULL FLEDGED WAR WAS BROKE OUT BETWEEN INDIA AND PAK
  • DURING THIS INDIAN PM NEHRU PURSUITED HARI SINGH TO TRANSFER HIS POWER TO SHEIKH M.ABDULLAH
  • NOW SHEIKH WAS APPOINTED AS PM OF J&K
  • TO STOP THE WAR NEHRU APPROACHES U.N TO STOP THE WAR
  • UNSC SAYS THERE SHOULD BE COMPLETE DEMILITARISATION, INDIA AND PAK SHOULD WITHDRAW THEIR TROOPS FROM J&K
  • LET THERE BE A VOTE THAT PEOPLE OF J&K DECIDE THAT WHETHER THEY WANT TO EXCEED IND OR PAK. (IN 1948)
  • WAR ENDED.

BIRTH OF ARTICLE 370

  • AT THE TIME OF DEMILITARISATION INDIA WAS DRAFTING THEIR OWN CONSTITUTION.
  • FOR 5 MONTHS THIS LINK WAS DEBATED.
  • THEN AN ARTICLE WAS GIVEN AND THAT WAS ARTICLE 370 OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION.
  • THIS WAS A TEMPORARY PROVISION AND TEMPORARY CONSTITUTIONAL LINK BETWEEN INDIA AND J&K.

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