India announced that India will not share the hydrological data with Pakistan. Understand the whole concept for UPSC CSE/IAS prelims and mains

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Username akashaky
on 22/08/2019

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India has announced that India will not share the hydrological data with Pakistan. To understand the whole concept let's first look at Indus Water Treaty.

About Indus Water Treaty

  • It was signed by India and Pakistan and was brokered by World Bank in 1960.
  • This agreement was signed between Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
  • In this treaty, India and Pakistan negotiated about the utilization of water of the Indus Water System.
  • Under this agreement, India got exclusive control over the rivers of Beas, Ravi, and Sutlej and Pakistan got exclusive control over Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum.

Link of Kashmir with Indus Water Treaty

  • Pakistan is highly dependent on Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum.
  • The rivers which are in control of Pakistan don't originate from Pakistan itself. The rivers Chenab and Jhelum originates from India(in Kashmir) while Indus originates from China, making its way to Pakistan via India(in Kashmir).
  • Pakistan assumes that India can violate Indus water treaty in future and can stop the flow of these rivers to Pakistan.

Importance of Hydrological Data

  • Hydrological data is the scientific data of the movement, distribution, and quality of water.
  • Hydrological data are very helpful for the prevention of disasters caused by floods and droughts.

The agreement of 1989

  • According to this agreement, India as a goodwill gesture India will provide hydrological data to Pakistan of their major rivers Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum. 

The Present News

  • As this was a goodwill gesture India can remove this agreement anytime and recently, the Indian government has decided to withdraw this agreement.
  • It was formally announced by the Indian Commissioner for Indus water that "This agreement will not be renewed in the current year by India".

Hope it helps.

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