Indian Council Act of 1909,1919 for UPSC CSE/IAS target Prelims 2020

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Username akashaky
on 11/08/2019

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Indian Council Act of 1909

  • This Act is also known as.
  • It changed the name of the Central Legislative Council to the Imperial Legislative Council.
  • For the first time, a direct election for the legislative council was introduced.
  • The member of the Central Legislative Council was increased to 60. Before this, it was 16.
  • It introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concepts of 'separate electorate'.i.e Muslims can vote only to the Muslims candidates.
  • Indians for the first time can be appointed in Viceroys executive council.

Outcomes of the Indian Council Act 1919.

  • Indians were included in the Executive Council. Satyendra Prasad Sinha became the first Indian in the viceroy executive council.
  • After this "Lord Minto" was declared as the father of Communal Electorate.

Indian Council Act of 1919

  • This Act is also known as Montague-Chelmsford Reforms.
  • The central subject was separated from those of the Provincial subjects. (similar to the separation of today's state government policy and central government policy).
  • Dyarchy(the system of dual governance) was introduced to provincial subjects.
  • Under dyarchy, there were two subjects: Reserved Subjects(these were operated by the governor) and Transferred Subjects(operated by governor acting with Indian Ministers.).
  • Reserved Subjects: Subject related to welfare like law and order, land revenue administration, borrowing, forests, etc.
  • Transferred Subjects: Subject related to local interests like education, public health, agriculture, public works, etc.

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