About UPSC & Civil Service Examination

The Union Public Service Commission (Hindi: संघ लोक सेवा आयोग, IAST: Saņgh Lok Sevā Āyōg), commonly abbreviated as UPSC, is India's premier central recruiting agency.
It is responsible for examinations and appointments for All India services and group A & group B of Central services. The agency's charter is granted by Part XIV(14) of the Constitution of India, titled as Services Under the Union and the States.

It is powered by the Constitution for appointments to the services of the Union and All India Services. The commission reports directly to the President and can advise the Government through him.

Headquarter: Dholpur House(New Delhi)
Established on :1 October 1926 as Public Service Commission, it was referred as Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act, 1935.

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The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a national-level competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and Indian Police Service (IPS). It is simply referred to as the UPSC examination.

It is conducted in three phases - a preliminary examination( also called pre) consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT), and a main examination consisting of nine papers of subjective type, in which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven are counted followed by a personality test (interview).
It is considered to be one of the most difficult competitive examinations in India. On average, 900,000(9 lakh) to 1,000,000(10 lakh) candidates apply every year and the number of candidates sitting in the preliminary examination is approximately 500,000.
Results for the Prelims are published in mid-August, while the final result is published in May of the next year.
Stage I Stage II Stage III
Preliminary Examination - Held in June every year. Results are announced in August. Mains Examination - Held in October every year. Results are announced in January. Personality Test (interview) - Held in March. Final results are usually announced in May.

  • Nationality:
  • ↦ For IAS & IPS , candidate must be INDIAN citizen.
    ↦But for other services A citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan,Tibetan refugee who settled permanently in India before January 1, 1962. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  • Educational Qualification:
  • ↦ A degree from a Central, State or a Deemed university through correspondence or distance education or from open university,degree from any foreign university recognized by the Association of Indian Universities.
    ↦ The following candidates are also eligible, but must submit proof of their eligibility from a competent authority at their institute/university at the time of the main examination, failing which they will not be allowed to attend the exam.
    ↦ Candidates who are in final year of their bachelor degree.
    ↦ Candidates who are in final year & have passed the final exam of the MBBS degree but have not yet completed an internship.
    ↦Candidates who have passed the final exam of ICAI, ICSI and ICWAI.
  • Age:
  • ↦General 32 years

    ↦OBC 35 years

    ↦SC/ST candidates 37 years

    ↦ PwD 42 years

    ↦ Defence Services Personnel disabled in operations during hostilities 35 years

    ↦ For Domiciles of Jammu and Kashmir 37 years

  • Number of attempts:
  • ↦ General category candidates 6

    ↦ OBC category candidates 9

    ↦ SC/ST candidates unlimited attempts till 37 years of age.

forward If you appear for anyone one paper also of preliminary then it will be counted as an attempt.
But if you failed to sit in examination, then it will not be counted as an attempt.

List of Services:
Following are services which one gets on qualifying the Civil Service Examination.
  • All India Services
  • ↦ Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
    ↦ Indian Police Service(IPS)
    ↦Indian Foreign Service (IFS) (Note: Indian forest service(IFos) examination is conducted seperately by UPSC.)
  • Central Services (Group A)
  • ↦ Indian P&T Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)
    ↦ Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)
    ↦ Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
    ↦ Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
    ↦ Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)
    ↦ Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)
    ↦ Indian Information Service (IIS)
    ↦ Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
    ↦ Indian Postal Service (IPoS)
    ↦ Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)
    ↦ Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)
    ↦ Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
    ↦ Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT)
    ↦ Indian Revenue Service (IRS-C&CE)
    ↦ Indian Trade Service (ITrS) Railway Protection Force (RPF)
  • Group B Services
  • ↦ Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services (AFHCS)
    ↦ Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)
    ↦ Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS)
    ↦ Pondicherry Civil Service (PCS)
    ↦ Pondicherry Police Service (PPS)
starUPSC also conducts other examination for recruitment in other field like NDA, CDS, IES. you can check the list here

UPSC Civil service Examination
forward It is also referred in short as UPSC CSE(civil service examination).

The exam is conducted in 3-stages.

Stage I Stage II Stage III
Preliminary Examination - Held in June every year. Results are announced in August. Mains Examination - Held in October every year. Results are announced in January. Personality Test (interview) - Held in March. Final results are usually announced in May.

forwardThe training program for the selected candidates usually commences the following September.
Stage 1:- Preliminary
↦ From 2011 onwards, the preliminary examination, now popularly known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) (officially it is still called General Studies Paper-1 and Paper-2), intends to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than the ability to memorize.
The new pattern includes two papers of two hours duration and 200 marks each. Both papers have multiple choice objective type questions only.
They are as follows:
Paper I tests the candidate's knowledge on current events, history of India and Indian national movement, Indian and world geography, Indian polity panchayti Raj system and governance, economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and general science, Art and culture.
Paper II tests the candidate's skills in comprehension, interpersonal skills, communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability. It is qualifying in nature and the marks obtained in this paper are not counted for merit.
↦In May 2015, the Government of India announced that Paper II of the preliminary examination will be qualifying in nature. (i.e candidate need to score only 33% so that their CSAT paper I can be evaluated and only marks of paper I will be required to be eligible for mains).
Those who qualify in the Prelims become eligible for the Mains.
Stage 2:- Mains
The Civil Services Mains Examination consists of 9 paper out of which paper A & Paper B are only qualifying paper. Paper A is one of language in 8th schedule & Paper B is of English(Compulsory).
Paper Subject Marks
Paper A (One of the language in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution of India) (Qualifying) 300
Paper B English (Qualifying) 300
Paper I Essay(2 Essay paper each of 125) 250
Paper II General Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society) 250
Paper III General Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations) 250
Paper IV General Studies III (Technology, economic development, bio-diversity, environment, security and disaster management) 250
Paper V General Studies IV(ethics, integrity and aptitude) 250
Paper VI Optional Paper I 250
Paper VII Optional paper II 250
Sub Total (Written Test) 1750
Personality Test (Interview) 275
Total Marks 2025
List of Languages:
  • Assamese (Assamese)
  • Bengali (Bengali)
  • Bodo (Devanagari)
  • Dogri (Devanagari)
  • English (English)
  • Gujarati (Gujarati)
  • Hindi (Devanagari)
  • Kannada (Kannada)
  • Kashmiri (Persian)
  • Konkani (Devanagari)
  • Maithili (Devanagari)
  • Malayalam (Malayalam)
  • Manipuri (Bengali)
  • Marathi (Devanagari)
  • Nepali (Devanagari)
  • Odia (Odia)
  • Punjabi (Gurumukhi)
  • Sanskrit (Devanagari)
  • Santhali (Devanagri or Ol Chiki)
  • Sindhi (Devanagari or Arabic)
  • Tamil (Tamil)
  • Telugu (Telugu)
  • Urdu (Persian)
Optional subjects:
Below given are optional subjects, you have to choose one among them and examination will be of 2 paper of the same subject(of 250 marks each).
  • Agriculture
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Literature of any one of the languages listed above
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration (Most Preferred)
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
↦Public administration is one of the most preferred optional subjects as it has overlapping content with other subjects like Current Affairs, History, Polity.
The standards of Optional papers is of graduation level. Paper 1 is theoretical but Paper 2 is often dominated by Current Affairs and Application based questions.
Stage 3:- Interview
Officially called " Personality Test ", the objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service.
Interview is not a test of knowledge as it has alreaddy been tested through various phases of examination, it is rather a test ot attitude, biasness, personality and presence of mind.

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